Compost is one of the purest and most valuable fertilizers. Compost will not only provide balanced nutrition for plants, improve the structure of the soil and saturate it with micro and macro elements, making it air and moisture permeable.
Many lawn owners are faced with the problem of disposing of cut grass. If your lawn is located on 1-2 acres, this is not a problem, the grass can be taken out, used as mulch for flower beds and vegetable beds, and if you have a large lawn and you are a real owner who does not lose anything, then you need to create compost heap or better equip a compost pit.
The compost heap, as a rule, serves for the disposal of plant residues: weeds, food waste, leaves, in our case – grass cuttings. Non-plant waste, whole branches, meat waste and fish should not be added to the compost, they will rot badly and create an unpleasant odor on the site, and will also attract rodents: mice and rats.
Composting can be done in two ways: a compost heap and a compost pit.
To create a compost heap, select a shaded area and begin composting on the soil surface. I consider this method not effective. Since the appearance of the heap spoils the whole “landscape” of the site and there is a possibility of the appearance of moles on your site. Because, like worms, recycling waste are located above the soil surface and the mole will dig on top to feast on them.
The compost pit is a structure, in my case 2 * 3 m, deepened by 50 cm and fenced with shields 1 m high. But this is my option, you can create yourself any compost pit you want yourself. The advantages of this type of utilization of organic waste, I believe: waste does not spread over the heap, it is held back by counts; does not spoil the general appearance of the site, when covered with film and watering it rotts better and most importantly, when the mole wants to eat worms, it will climb into the pile from the bottom, because shields are dug into the ground.
The composting process is excellently accelerated by aeration – ventilation. To aerate the compost, you can stir it or stir it up with a pitchfork.
For composting waste, you should choose a shady place, preferably under the crowns of trees and away from the recreation area. I created a compost pit at the end of the site, in the bushes under the trees, where it is always cool.
Dry the freshly cut grass. Then spread it evenly over the entire area of the compost heap. For best effect, sprinkle with a small layer of earth. This will help the worms to better recycle waste.
For a better composting process, it is advisable to water and cover the compost from time to time. At the same time, the compost will rot faster and worms will process it faster. In winter, throw more snow onto the compost heap to keep the heap free from freezing.
To decorate the compost pile, you can plant shrubs or short flowers on the pile.
Once every 2-3 years, I regularly select ready-made compost and bring it into the greenhouse and garden beds. To do this, I remove the upper non-decayed layer to a previously prepared place – a sheet of tin 2.5 by 4 m. After that, I choose the finished compost. After the compost is selected from the heap, I return back the non-rotten residues, water it abundantly and cover it with plastic wrap. I collect compost in late April – early May, when the ground is already frozen and my “prospectors” – the worms have not yet risen in a heap after the winter cold.