4 Mistakes When Planting Conifers

Planting Conifers

The optimal time for planting conifers continues, which are planted and transplanted not only in autumn, when it gets cooler, but also in spring, before the onset of hot weather.

So, conifers – what individual mistakes do gardeners make when planting them, what important requirements of each of the main crops do they ignore?

Mistake 1: breaking the earthen ball when landing

All conifers must be transplanted with a lump! If not preserved, the roots will dry out and die off. For better preservation of the coma, it is necessary to water it well on the eve of digging a tree or shrub.

Safety is achieved by quickly packing the earthen lump with sacking, matting or other materials and tying it with strong twine, wire, metal mesh. When planting a coniferous plant from a container, it is also well watered the day before and carefully removed from the container.

Only after installing the lump in the landing pit, it is carefully released from the packaging so as not to crumble. Some gardeners even prefer to leave the burlap in the soil (it will rot anyway), while removing the rigid fixation with wire, mesh or synthetic materials.

Mistake 2: landing pit mismatch

The planting area for conifers should be wider than the diameter of the coma and deeper than the height of the coma. Visually, it should look like this: the palm of an adult man should enter between the lump and the walls of the hole, and the root neck * should be at the level of the soil.

After installation in the planting hole, the air gaps are covered with soil for a specific coniferous species (more on this below). If there is none, then the earth that was taken out during the preparation of the landing pit. It is clear that in the latter case the plant will develop worse.

Mistake 3: backfilling the root collar

In the case of forced backfilling, it is necessary to free the plant from the ground to the level of the root collar, and if this is not possible, arrange air drainage. For this, a network of trenches is arranged in the root system zone, which are filled with stone.

Pipes are laid in the trenches, through which the outside air freely penetrates through the drainage to the root system. From above, the trenches are covered with earth. The distance between them should not exceed one meter, the width of each should not be less than 70 cm.

Mistake 4: ignoring the individual requirements of conifers

In order for your coniferous pet to develop well in a new place, it is important not to ignore its specific requirements, but to create optimal conditions for development.

Spruce planting conditions

  • choice of landing site: shaded; exclude areas with close groundwater;
  • backfill soil: turf, leafy soil, peat, sand (2: 2: 1: 1);
  • drainage is required: a layer of broken brick and sand 15-20 cm;
  • planting depth 50-70 cm;
  • exclude trampling and soil compaction, especially in near-trunk circles.

Cypress planting conditions

  • choice of landing site: partial shade, variegated forms – in the sun;
  • backfill soil: humus, leaf earth, peat, sand (3: 2: 1: 2);
  • drainage is required: a layer of broken brick and sand up to 20 cm;
  • planting depth 70 cm, less often up to 1 m.

Larch planting conditions

  • choice of landing site: open sunny places; for Japanese larch – partial shade;
  • backfill soil: leaf soil, peat, sand (3: 2: 1);
  • drainage only on heavy soils: a layer of broken brick up to 20 cm;
  • planting depth: 70-80 cm;
  • plants are planted in a permanent place at the age of 4-5 years;
  • planting time – before bud break;
  • preservation of young thin roots with mycorrhiza.

Planting conditions for junipers

  • choice of landing site: sunny places;
  • backfill soil: peat, turf soil, sand (2: 1: 1); the ratio may vary depending on the species: for example, the Siberian juniper prefers sandy soils, the Cossack juniper grows well on limestone, the
  • virginian juniper – on clay;
  • drainage is required: a layer of broken brick and sand 15-20 cm;
  • planting depth 70 cm, with soil filling in the pit.

Fir planting conditions

  • choice of landing site: shady places;
  • seedlings take root better at the age of 5-10 years;
  • backfill soil: clay, leafy earth or humus, peat, sand (2: 3: 1: 1);
  • drainage is required on heavy soils: a layer of broken brick or rubble 20 cm;
  • planting depth 50-60 cm; the root collar should remain at ground level.

Pine planting conditions

  • choice of landing site: open areas;
  • young seedlings under 5 years old take root well;
  • backfill soil: turf, sand or clay (2: 1);
  • drainage is required on heavy soils: a layer of broken brick, gravel or sand 20 cm;
  • planting depth 0.8-1 m.

Yew planting conditions

  • choice of landing site: semi-shady, shady places;
  • backfill soil: turf, peat, sand (3: 2: 2);
  • drainage is required: a layer of broken brick and sand 20 cm;
  • planting depth: 60-70 cm.

Tui planting conditions

  • choice of landing site: sunny and semi-shady places;
  • backfill soil: turf or leaf land, peat, sand (2: 1: 1);
  • drainage is required: a layer of broken brick and sand 20 cm;
  • planting depth: 60-80 cm.

Planting needs to be mulched to retain moisture in the soil and get rid of weeds. Repeat mulching every spring (or spring and fall) on very dry sandy or calcareous soils. You can lay a decorative layer of long-lasting gravel or crushed bark mulch on a special spunbond fabric that completely protects against weeds.

Under conifers, you can mulch needles, preferably large pine needles – it provides air flow to the roots. In addition, half-over-mature needles always contain mycelium. When you dig, you can even see it with the eye – these are white threads. Among the mushrooms, there are useful and even necessary for plants. Indeed, many conifers are mycorrhizal plants; they live in symbiosis with mushrooms.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *